The latest headline figure released by Public Health Wales (PHW) shows 37 new cases of coronavirus in Caerphilly County Borough.
The headline figure, which was released on Friday October 8, shows how many new coronavirus cases PHW was made aware of on Thursday, October 8.
The latest figures show 766 new confirmed cases across Wales – with two deaths.
However, many of these new cases were actually recorded last week. PHW has recently been publishing a disclaimer alongside its figures in recent days, which says there’s been a lag in them receiving the data.
The headline figure is the number of new cases PHW has been made aware of – not the number of cases recorded on a particular day.
Caerphilly was the first council area in Wales to be placed under a local lockdown by Welsh Government on September 8. Since then, 14 more local authority areas and one town have been placed under local lockdown restrictions.
However, the rate of infection in Caerphilly has slowed considerably in the weeks since the restrictions were imposed.
Between September 29 and October 5, 109 new coronavirus cases have been recorded in the borough. This equates to 60.2 cases per 100,000 people.
The week running from September 7 to September 13, in which the local lockdown came into force in Caerphilly, the incidence rate was 119.3 – nearly than double what it is currently.
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How does the incidence rate compare with other areas in lockdown?
The number of cases per 100,000 people in each local authority area currently in lockdown, based on a seven-day rolling average from September 29 and October 5, are as follows:
Merthyr Tydfil – 223.8
Rhondda Cynon Taf – 176.6
Flintshire – 144.1
Swansea – 133.6
Wrexham – 132.4
Bridgend – 131.2
Cardiff – 120.7
Denbighshire – 101.4
Neath Port Talbot – 98.4
Blaenau Gwent – 83
Conwy – 63.1
CAERPHILLY – 60.2
Torfaen – 58.5
Vale of Glamorgan – 56.9
Carmarthenshire – 53.5*
Newport – 45.3
*While Carmarthenshire is not under a local lockdown, the town of Llanelli, which is part of Carmarthenshire, has been been under local lockdown restrictions since September 26.
What does ‘headline figure’ mean?
In recent weeks, Caerphilly Observer and other media have been reporting the headline figures from Public Health Wales.
For example, the headline figure released on Thursday, October 8 saw 39 new positive tests reported.
This figure however is not entirely as it seems at first glance. It is the number of new cases PHW were aware of as of October 8 – the day before.
Even then, this figure is still not what you think it ought to be as it includes positive tests that may have occurred a few days prior, but that PHW were only made aware of on October 8.
The headline figure for Caerphilly County Borough for October 8 (which was published on October 9) is 37 new cases.
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